Navigating the Latest Regulations for Company Dissolution

In the wake of the global pandemic, the United Kingdom witnessed an unprecedented financial response from the government, with more than £28 billion disbursed in Covid Loans. These measures aimed to salvage the country's economy from impending disaster. However, before implementing basic anti-fraud measures, a significant portion of these loans was distributed without stringent checks, leading to an estimated 7.5% of these loans potentially being lost to fraud. It is important to recognize that not every Director of a company entering liquidation with an outstanding Covid Loan or Grant is guilty of fraudulent activities. Some genuinely sought to rescue their businesses from financial ruin, but for many, the loans were insufficient to prevent insolvency.

In February 2022, new legislation came into effect, necessitating a deeper scrutiny of Directors of companies that had dissolved. This article delves into the implications of this legislation and how it affects Directors of Dissolved Companies. So, What is the significance of the regulations regarding the dissolution of state-owned companies? ACC Group will address your question. 



1. What are the regulations concerning the dissolution of state-owned companies?

Regulations concerning the dissolution of state-owned companies can vary significantly from one country to another, as each government has its own set of laws and procedures governing the dissolution of state-owned entities. 

2. Understanding Company Dissolution

The Companies Act 2006 provides company Directors with a mechanism to apply for voluntary strike-off and dissolution. This process ostensibly offers a straightforward and cost-effective means of closing down non-trading companies. However, it also had the potential for abuse. Prior to December 15, 2021, Directors of dissolved companies operated outside the purview of the Company Directors Disqualification Act 1986 ('CDDA'). This meant that the voluntary strike-off process allowed Directors to avoid:

  • Investigation by the Insolvency Service.
  • The risk of Director Disqualification.
  • Personal liability for the company's debts.

3. The Legislative Change

The Rating (Coronavirus) and Directors Disqualification (Dissolved Companies) Bill received Royal Assent on December 15, 2021, with most of its provisions becoming effective on February 15, 2022. This bill extends the CDDA's provisions to include Directors of dissolved companies, enabling the Insolvency Service to scrutinize their conduct and, if necessary, apply for their disqualification. Key changes include:

Investigation Powers

Previously, companies could be dissolved without going through insolvency proceedings. However, the Insolvency Service now has the authority to investigate the conduct of Directors of companies dissolved without insolvency proceedings. If their behavior deems them 'unfit' to manage a company, the Insolvency Service can seek a Disqualification Order. This power can be exercised up to three years after dissolution.

Compensation Order

Additionally, a Director Disqualification Compensation Order can be pursued when a former Director of a dissolved company has caused losses to creditors.

4. Dissolution of Companies and Bounce Back Loans

In the first quarter of 2021, an astounding 40,000 companies were removed from the Companies House register, marking a 743% increase from the same period in 2020. Speculation suggested that this surge was related to companies attempting to evade repayments on coronavirus-related loans, particularly Bounce Back Loans.

The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (DBEIS) took a unique stance by objecting to dissolution applications from companies with unpaid Bounce Back Loans, preventing the dissolution of approximately 51,000 firms with unpaid loans totaling over £1.7 billion. With the new legislation in place, the likelihood of increased company insolvencies, particularly liquidations, in the UK in the coming months remains high, given the unavailability of the dissolution route.

5. How Can We Assist?

The challenges brought on by Covid-19 are far from over for businesses. The sooner Directors seek professional advice, the more options they may have at their disposal. These options include restructuring and recovery procedures, such as Administrations and Company Voluntary Arrangements. When Liquidation becomes the only viable option, a Creditors Voluntary Liquidation (CVL) process can ensure a systematic wind-down and closure of insolvent companies.

With specific reference to Bounce Back Loans (BBLs), the new legislation eliminates the possibility of dissolving a company with an outstanding BBL without an Insolvency Service investigation. Consequently, an insolvent limited company with an outstanding BBL can only be voluntarily wound down using a CVL, not through dissolution.

As licensed insolvency practitioners, companies can approach us directly or through their accountants, and we will thoroughly assess their situation before recommending the most suitable course of action.

6. Conclusion

In response to the economic turmoil caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, the UK government implemented various financial measures to support struggling businesses. However, these efforts were not without challenges, as a portion of the funds distributed may have been subject to fraudulent activities. To address this, new legislation was introduced, extending the reach of the Company Directors Disqualification Act to Directors of dissolved companies.

This change has significant implications for company Directors and their options when facing financial difficulties. It is essential for them to seek professional advice promptly to navigate these complex legal landscapes. The new legislation, while necessary to curb fraud, also underscores the importance of responsible and ethical business practices.


1. What led to the introduction of the new legislation regarding dissolved companies?

The surge in companies dissolving, potentially to avoid repaying Covid-related loans, prompted the government to extend scrutiny to Directors of dissolved companies to prevent fraudulent activities.

2. What powers does the Insolvency Service have under the new legislation?

The Insolvency Service can investigate the conduct of Directors of dissolved companies and seek their disqualification if their behavior is deemed unfit for managing a company.

3. How does the legislation impact companies with outstanding Bounce Back Loans?

Companies with unpaid Bounce Back Loans can no longer be dissolved without the possibility of an Insolvency Service investigation. They must use the Creditors Voluntary Liquidation (CVL) process for closure.

4. How can businesses facing financial difficulties navigate these challenges?

Seeking professional advice is crucial. This can open up various options, including restructuring and recovery procedures, to address financial issues.


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