Necessary procedures for divorce



1. Necessary procedures for divorce

A happy family life is what everyone wants. However, when spouses are no longer able to raise a family together, one spouse may want a divorce. This case is considered a unilateral divorce, this article will help readers have an overview of the proceedings.

2. Conditions required in case of unilateral divorce:

In a unilateral divorce case, there are 3 requests that the plaintiff can ask the court to resolve:

First, ask the court to approve the divorce;
Second, requirements related to common children and alimony; And
Third, request division of common property during the marriage period. Readers, in addition to the first request related to personal issues, can ask the court to resolve both property issues and general issues of children. If it turns out that the spouses cannot voluntarily agree on these issues.

3. Documents and procedures for unilateral divorce settlement:

To request the Court to accept unilateral divorce settlement, the requester must prepare the following documents:

Marriage registration;
ID card/CCCD and household registration of both husband and wife;
Birth certificate, copy of child (if any);
Documents on ownership of house, land and other assets (if any);
Debt notice (if any); And
Other relevant documents proving the personal and property relationships of the couple.

4. Management agent:

District People's Court where the defendant actually resides.

5. Resolution results:

The Court's judgment or decision recognizes the consent of the litigants.

6. Court process for accepting and resolving unilateral divorce cases:

*Step 1: Review the file and accept the case: When the applicant submits a divorce application to court, the court will check the file and review the file, then wait about 10 to 15 days to receive the result. fruit. If the case is correct, the court will issue a notice to advance court fees. The plaintiff brings this notice to the enforcement agency of the district court in the same district as the court to pay the court fee and return the receipt to the court.
* Step 2: The Court accepts the case and appoints the responsible Judge: Within 03 working days from the date of accepting the case, the Chief Judge will issue a decision to appoint a Judge to directly handle the case.
Within 03 working days from the date of appointment, the Judge must send a written notice to the plaintiff, defendant, agencies, organizations, and people with rights and obligations related to the resolution of the case. to the Procuracy at the same level on decisions of agencies, organizations and individuals with rights and obligations related to the resolution of the case. Court. file acceptance.
* Step 3: Conciliation: During the 4-month trial preparation period, the Court will summon the couple for testimony and reconciliation. If the two parties reach a divorce agreement, the court will issue a minutes of successful conciliation and after 7 days from the date of successful conciliation, the court will issue a decision recognizing the parties' agreement. This decision takes effect from the date of issuance and is enforceable without appeal or protest.
* Step 4: Trial and judgment: If mediation fails, the court will decide to bring the case to court. During the trial, the court based on the wishes of both parties and evaluated the evidence in the case to make a decision, and finally issued a judgment recognizing the divorce.
The Court's judgment will take effect 1 month after the date of trial or from the effective date of service to the relevant parties. The court can also reject the divorce petition if the conflict is not serious enough. When the court rejects a divorce petition, it must be one year from the date the person requesting the divorce has the right to sue for divorce.


Question 1: What are the necessary procedures for filing for divorce?

Answer 1: The necessary procedures for filing for divorce typically include:
Consultation: Seek legal advice from a family law attorney to understand your rights, responsibilities, and options.
Residency Requirements: Ensure you meet the residency requirements for filing in your jurisdiction.
Grounds for Divorce: Determine the appropriate legal grounds for divorce based on your circumstances, such as fault-based or no-fault grounds.
Document Preparation: Gather required documents, such as marriage certificates, financial records, and information about children and assets.
Filing the Divorce Petition: Prepare and file a divorce petition or complaint with the court, specifying the reasons for divorce and desired outcomes.
Service of Process: Serve divorce papers to the other spouse following legal procedures, providing notice of the divorce proceedings.
Response: The other spouse may respond to the petition, either agreeing (uncontested) or contesting (contested) the divorce.
Negotiation or Mediation: Attempt to negotiate or mediate disagreements on issues like property division, child custody, and support.
Court Hearings: Attend court hearings if disputes cannot be resolved amicably. The court may make decisions on unresolved issues.
Final Decree: Once all issues are resolved, the court issues a final divorce decree, officially ending the marriage.

Question 2: What role does mediation play in the necessary divorce procedures?

Answer 2: Mediation is a dispute resolution process that can be part of the necessary divorce procedures. It involves a neutral third party (the mediator) who helps spouses reach agreements on issues like property division, child custody, and support. Mediation can be a valuable step in divorces, allowing couples to work together to find mutually acceptable solutions and potentially avoiding the need for lengthy court battles.

Question 3: Are there alternatives to court litigation in the necessary divorce procedures?

Answer 3: Yes, there are alternatives to court litigation in divorce procedures. These include:
Mediation: Mediation helps spouses reach agreements outside of court with the assistance of a mediator.
Collaborative Divorce: Both spouses and their attorneys work together to find solutions without going to court.
Arbitration: An arbitrator, similar to a judge, makes decisions on disputed issues, either binding or non-binding depending on the agreement.
Online Divorce Services: Some online platforms assist with uncontested divorces, helping couples avoid court appearances.
The choice of method depends on the specific circumstances of the divorce and the willingness of both spouses to cooperate and reach agreements.

Question 4: Can the necessary divorce procedures vary by jurisdiction?

Answer 4: Yes, the necessary divorce procedures can vary significantly by jurisdiction. Each state, country, or province may have its own set of laws and regulations governing divorce, including residency requirements, grounds for divorce, and procedural steps. It's essential to consult with an attorney or review local laws to understand the specific procedures applicable in your jurisdiction.

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